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Griffiths [8] recently noted that for many researchers, Facebook addiction has become almost synonymous with social networking addiction.

However, Facebook is just one of many websites where social networking can take place.

· Socio-cognitive model: This model emphasises that ‘abnormal’ social networking arises due to the expectation of positive outcomes, combined with internet self-efficacy and deficient internet self-regulation eventually leads to compulsive and/or addictive social networking behavior.

Based on these three models, Xu and Tan [6] suggest that the transition from normal to problematic social networking use occurs when social networking is viewed by the individual as an important (or even exclusive) mechanism to relieve stress, loneliness, or depression.

Griffiths [2] has operationally defined addictive behavior as any behavior that features what he believes are the six core components of addiction (i.e., salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, conflict, and relapse).

He also argues that any behavior (e.g., social networking) that fulfils these six criteria can be operationally defined as an addiction.

Many of the studies attempted to assess SNS addiction, but mere assessment of addiction tendencies does not suffice to demarcate real pathology.

From this it follows that SNS addiction shares a common underlying etiological framework with other substance-related and behavioral addictions.Researchers have suggested that the excessive use of new technologies (and especially online social networking) may be particularly problematic to young people [3].In accordance with the biopsychosocial framework for the etiology of addictions [2], and the syndrome model of addiction [4], it is claimed that those people addicted to using SNSs experience symptoms similar to those experienced by individuals who suffer from addictions to substances or other behaviors [3].Received date: December 13, 2013; Accepted date: December 18, 2013; Published date: December 28, 2013 Citation: Griffiths MD (2013) Social Networking Addiction: Emerging Themes and Issues. doi:10.4172/2155-6105.1000e118 Copyright: © 2013 Griffiths MD. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.Visit for more related articles at Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy Social Networking Sites (SNSs) are virtual communities where users can create individual public profiles, interact with real-life friends, and meet other people based on shared interests [1].

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